BioScan touch i8 Military Grade
ESSENTIAL FOR MILITARY PERSONAL
There are many reasons for assessing and evaluating body composition of military personnel.
Military personnel are expected to maintain the highest level of physical readiness. They must be able to perform their duties anywhere in the world at any time.
Physical training and good nutrition is part of ensuring a high state of readiness. Obese or overweight individuals may not be suited to military service.
Assessment of Body Composition with BioScan
This can also help identify potential risks, which can have significant implications for the retention and advancement of military personnel while in service.
High Cost Implications
Financial implications are high. The costs associated with replacing personnel that have been discharged for failing to meet the requirements and then training of new recruits.
The discharge of highly trained and experienced specialists has additional implications concerning unit’s readiness and performance during combat.
BODY COMPOSITION – Measure it & Manage it
- Assessment of Body composition and Physical performance of the personnel
- Establishing Body composition Standard
- Performance standards should include body composition
Body composition of military personnel should be looked in isolation when establishing standard.
- Knowledge of body composition to physical performance
- Evaluating and recommending in relating to body composition to physical performance.
The amount and type of food consumed can also effect performance therefore Body composition assessment should include nutrition, physical performance and health status. When establishing body composition standards consider the following:
- Body fat
- Fat free or lean body mass
- Weight – Fat
- Bone density
- No radiation
- No de-robing
- No contact
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BODY COMPOSITION OF INJURED OR DISEASED PERSONNEL
It’s important to identify those in services with low or losing bone mineral content and bone density that are at risk for osteoporosis or fractures.
Differences between individuals in the quantity and quality of Fat-Free Mass (FFM) result in variations in physical ability and performance.
EATING DISORDERS AND DIETING PROBLEMS
With greater numbers of women in the services, the incidence of eating disorders and dieting problems can be detected at an early stage.
These problems can be associated with potentially harmful losses of FFM in some individuals. The vast majority of the associations among body composition and morbidity and mortality relate to excess adipose tissue or fat.
NUTRITION IN THE WOUNDED
Malnutrition is common in hospital and intensive care units. Patients in ICU are likely to develop a catabolic state resulting in rapid loss of lean body mass.
The effects of serious injuries on nutrition, Hypermetabolism following trauma has long-been recognised. The body weight loss is frequently observed in intensive care patients with multiple organ failure.
MALNUTRITION RISK OF MORBIDITY & MORTALITY
Detection of malnutrition is imperative as it has been shown to increase the risk of morbidity and mortality, skeletal muscle weakness, increased infective complications, impaired wound healing and increased length of stay. In ICU the clinical risks and the difficulties of weighing a sedated, intubated patient, often make this difficult for assessment. Oedema, burns and peripheral soft tissue injuries may also affect the accuracy of measurements, which are used to estimate loss of muscle and fat mass.
OVERLOOKED HEALTH IMPLICATIONS IN ICU
Significant loss of lean body mass can be masked by the development of oedema and/or receipt of large volumes of intravenous fluid (both common in critical care), resulting in no net change in body weight. Unintentional weight loss is indicative of malnutrition and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality.
Regardless of nutritional supplementation, patients on intensive care units can lose up to 1 per cent of their total body protein per day, worsening muscle weakness and delaying weaning and rehabilitation. BioScan
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